4-TO-5-YEAR OLD CHILDREN SPEAKING ABILITY THROUGH CONSTRUCTIVE PLAY WITH PEER GROUP AT BON THORIF KINDERGARTEN IN PALEMBANG

SRI SUMARNI

Abstract


were from 4 to 5 through constructive play with peer group. The research was carried out at Bon
Thorif Kindergarten in Palembang. The method was classroom action research from Kemmis and
Taggart which consisted of planning, treatment, observation, and reflection. The treatments were
conducted in 2 cycles and each cycle consisted of six treatments. The subjects of the research were 18
pupils whose ages were from 4 to 5 at Bon Thorif Kindergarten in Palembang. The data were analyzed
quantitatively and qualitatively. The quantitative analysis showed pupils’ speaking ability was
improved from pre-treatments to the second cycle which was 82.2%. This showed the treatment’s
success with 75% improvement. It indicates that the reserach was successful. The qualitative analysis
by using a model proposed by Miles and Huberman with triangulation was also carried out consisting:
(1) data reduction; (2) data display; and (3) verification, through observation, interview, and
documentation during the treatment. The result revealed that constructive play with peer group could
improve pupil’s speaking ability. Through some experiences in playing, having recreation, and
interacting with peer group, all aspects of pupils’ speaking ability were improved.


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