Active Materials Glyphosate Herbiside In Water And Its Effect On Community Health

Akhmad Dwi Priyatno, Daniel Saputra, Fuad Abd Rachman, Rico Januar Sitorus


One of the active ingredients herbicide is Glyphosate (N- (phosphonomethyl)
glycine) which is widely used in plantation areas. The use of large and continuous
doses of herbicides will cause some losses, herbicide residues will accumulate in
agricultural products, pollution in the agricultural environment (water, air and
soil), poisoning in animals, poisoning in humans both acute and chronic which
results in death .
Glyphosate in water is absorbed by particles and sediments; half-life is estimated
to be between 2 - 820 years depending on sunlight and water depth. Glyphosate is
more resistant to hydrolysis, solubility of 10.5 g / L at a temperature of 20 OC
with a pH of 1.90 - 1.98) (99.5%). Glyphosate is lost from fresh water after 36
hours by 50% and 100% after 4 weeks; in seawater lost after 24 hours as much as
50-70%. Mobilization of glyphosate in water follows water plants, sediments, and
solid particles; glyphosate enters the water surface binds to particles due to
erosion and water flow.

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