THE DEVELOPMENT OF ENGLISH PHONOLOGY CONTEXTUAL-BASED MATERIAL AT ENGLISH STUDY PROGRAM OF JAMBI UNIVERSITY

Duti Volya, Nely Arif

Abstract


Abstract: This study aims to develop English phonology contextual-based material at English study program of Jambi University, in which English phonology are thought based on the context of speaking English in communication. This study uses Research and Development approach. The approach used in this study uses three stages, namely the exploration phase which includes analyzing the need for teaching materials, prototype development phase model that includes designing the model and testing the model and validation phase which contains expert validation (Sukmadinata (2008)). Data collected at the stage of exploration is material relates to English phonology area. The second data source is the written text and spoken text in English in everyday communication. Results of the study showed that in the early stages, the students of English study program of Jambi University need a simple material that is easy to apply in daily life. At this stage of the development of prototype models, the materials are designed into module which structured into three parts. The initial section includes a cover, table of contents, and preface. The core part consists of a main material consisting of 14 units. They are (1) openings and closings,(2) introductions and address systems,(3) invitations,(4) thanking people and replying to thanks, (5)apologizing, (6) expressing anger and resolving conflict, (7)giving compliments and replying to compliments, (8)getting people’s attention and interrupting, (9) agreeing and disagreeing, (10)controlling the conversation, (11)getting information, (12) Sympathy, regret and disappointment, (13) giving advice and suggestion,(14)making appointment. Each unit is destined for one lecture. Each unit presents speaking skill and English phonology aspects. The phonology aspects includes segmental and suprasegmental phoneme. The final section includes a bibliography, and profiles of authors and contributors of teaching materials that have been designed well. The model of layout draft has been revised several times and it considers a decent standard of teaching materials. Validation includes indicators of the accuracy of the contents, exploitability, readability and appearance. At this stage of the validation results of the expert, stated that the products of teaching materials that have been made eligible for use in the teaching speaking and the teaching English phonology at English study program of Jambi University


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